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CBD Frequently Asked Questions

CBD Frequently Asked Questions

Here are answers to the most common CBD frequently asked questions and some that are not common but equally as important.

What is CBD?

CBD is short for Cannabidiol & is one of over 100 known cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. Both humans & mammals have systems which utilize these compounds & are called the "Endocannabinoid System" (ECS).

The ECS is responsible for maintaining homeostasis (optimum balance). The ECS has receptors throughout the body and brain which receive cannabinoids and help regulate our immune system, body temperature, sleep, mental state & more.

What is CBD used for?

The most popular uses of CBD are anxiety, depression, insomnia, & pain. It is also used for multiple sclerosis, cancer, epilepsy and other seizure disorders, inflammation and immune disorders. We don't claim that CBD can treat, or cure any disease or condition. However, we do recommend our products for relief from these conditions as well as general health & wellness.

For a more complete list of CBD uses, see our CBD Education page.

Is CBD legal?

By federal law, CBD made from hemp with less than 0.3% THC is legal in all 50 states. States however have their own laws. We recommend checking for the most current laws on CBD with your state's government.

Does CBD get you high?

The short answer is no. CBD cannot get you high.

Because CBD is extracted from cannabis plants, a common misconception is that it will create a high like marijuana. The truth is, CBD is completely non-psychoactive, so will not adversely affect sensory awareness, consciousness, perception, or behavior.

CBD extracted from hemp strains of the cannabis plant contain no more than trace levels of THC, the psychoactive cannabinoid responsible for the marijuana high. Our CBD products have had the trace amounts of THC removed.

Instead of getting a person high, CBD has shown to have the capability to counter the psychoactive properties of THC.

More CBD Questions

Does CBD work?

    In July 2017 a group of medical cannabis experts, HelloMD, partnered with marketing people at Brightfield Group to provide answers to this question. Here is the full HelloMD/Brightfield study but the main findings are:

    1. Most CBD users take it for Anxiety, Depression, Insomnia, or Joint Pain
    2. 42% of CBD users stopped using traditional meds and now use CBD instead
    3. 52% of CBD users claim CBD is more effective than their prescription meds
    4. 66% of CBD users claim they are more effective then their over-the-counter meds
    5. 80% of CBD users found CBD to be very or very effective

    Overall, the study found that consumers of CBD are very satisfied with its effectiveness for treating a variety of medical conditions.

What is CBD hemp oil?

    CBD hemp oil is a compound extracted from the cannabis plant. The oil extracted contains naturally occurring phytocannabinoids such as CBD, as well as many other compounds which have been shown to be beneficial to health of humans & mammals.

What is a CBD tincture?

    CBD tinctures are one of the best known types of CBD hemp oil supplement. Tinctures combine CBD rich hemp oil into a liquid, making it easy to consume using a dropper or pump bottle.

Does CBD show up in a drug test?

    While research has shown that it’s unlikely that CBD products alone would lead to a positive result on a drug test, it’s important to note that CBD was found to interact with the body’s metabolism of certain compounds. What this means is that CBD users who also use marijuana may actually show higher levels of THC for a longer period of time than when using marijuana alone.

    Also, a consumer who uses a verified, hemp-based product with 0.3% or less THC at the standard serving size is highly unlikely to test positive for THC. However, it’s important to be aware that extremely high doses may result in a positive urine screen.

    So, it would seem that CBD alone is not enough to raise any red flags on a drug test. To be absolutely sure, refraining from taking CBD if you’re expecting a drug test is recommended.

    Ultimately, consumers need to be fully informed of the specific regulations imposed by their employers and adjust their consumption of cannabinoid products accordingly.

What is the correct CBD dosage?

    Finding the therapeutic amount of CBD can be difficult for someone starting out. In essence, the goal is to self-administer consistent, measurable doses of CBD that a person is comfortable with. Start small and graduate slowly is the common approach.

    More information on CBD Dosing.

How long does it take for CBD to take effect?

    It usually takes 20-30 minutes for the CBD effects to become noticeable but there are many factors affecting the response time. Sensitivity to CBD, the severity of the treated condition, body mass & dose are all factors with the potential to increase or decrease response times.

    CBD can only begin to interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system once the body absorbs it. When consuming CBD oil, the common method for getting CBD, how long it takes for the effects of CBD to fully appear depends on your serving size and method of application, as well as on other factors that can affect the rate of absorption. Some have reported noticing the effects after their very first serving of CBD oil, while others have said the effects were noticeable after days, weeks, or months of consistent administration. It can take a couple of minutes to a couple of hours after consumption for CBD to begin interacting with cannabinoid receptors.

    1. When CBD oil is swallowed, it has to be digested which takes longer.
    2. When absorbed sublingually under the tongue, the CBD bypasses the digestive system for faster processing.
    3. When CBD oil is vaped, the compound nearly immediately passes through the lung’s alveoli, which offer a large absorptive surface area.
    4. If CBD oil is applied topically to the skin, the compound passes through the epidermis, glands, or hair follicles. Rather than reaching the bloodstream, it solely interacts with nearby receptors for localized application.

What is bioavailability & its affect on CBD?

    Bioavailability refers to the degree in which a substance is absorbed into the bloodstream. In the case of CBD, the higher the bioavailability the better. Different application methods of CBD yield different bioavailabilities. Here are the most common:

    1. When CBD oil is swallowed (in tincture form), metabolic & liver processing decrease bioavailability to about 5-20%. So if 100 mg of CBD were consumed orally, only 5-20 mg would get into the bloodstream.
    2. When absorbed by the sublingual gland under the tongue (sublingually), the CBD bypasses the digestive system for faster processing. It is only degraded by enzymes in mouth saliva. Sublingual bioavailabilities range from 12-35%.
    3. If CBD oil is applied topically to the skin, the compound passes through the epidermis, glands, or hair follicles. Rather than reaching the bloodstream, it solely interacts with nearby receptors for localized application.
    4. When CBD oil is vaped, the compound nearly immediately passes through the lung’s alveoli, which offer a large absorptive surface area which feeds directly into the bloodstream. Vaping is considered one of the most effective methods of CBD consumption at 30-50% bioavailability but not the most convenient to administer.
    5. Nano-emulsion is a technology used to decrease the size of CBD droplets to about 25 nanometers which aids in bioavailability. The nano-emulsified CBD is available in capsule form and has bioavailabilities 3-5 times that of sublingual applications. This puts nano-emulsified capsules in the 15-60% or higher bioavailability range.

Are there any drug interactions with CBD?

    Research has clearly shown that cannabidiol, or CBD, has the potential to effectively provide relief from many ailments by manipulating the endocannabinoid system with very few unintended effects. However, some of cannabidiol’s side effects can be dangerous if they are not properly understood. When taken with medications, CBD can cause the medication to stay in the system longer, effectively making them stronger. Always consult with a medical professional before taking any combination of drugs at the same time as alternative medications or dosage adjustments may be required.

    More information on CBD Drug Interactions.

How do you identify high quality CBD?

    The CBD industry currently has few regulations. Although it has gained wide acceptance from positive results from research & use, neither the federal or state governments regulate CBD as it relates to contents and quality. It all comes down to the integrity of the producers and sellers to insure the quality of their products. Here are 5 critical factors of high quality CBD:

    1. Natural Genetic Strains:

      First and foremost, the strains of hemp plant used are the basis for high quality CBD. Unlike the commonly-used industrial hemp strains, the hemp plants used to produce high quality CBD contain a high amount of CBD – naturally. These strains typically average 18% Cannabidiol (CBD), 1-2% Cannabigerol, 1-2% Cannabinol (CBN), 1-2% Cannabichromene (CBC), and less than 0.3% THCA. This means that all of the synergistic compounds found in these plants have evolved naturally to support a high amount of phytocannabinoids. Shown below are images of industrial hemp plants vs. medicinal hemp plants.

      industrial hemp
      Industrial hemp.
      medicinal hemp
      Medicinal hemp.

      The natural genetic strains of phytocannabinoid rich hemp described above are used in our products & are grown in Colorado, USA under strict guidelines using 100% organic farming practices. All of the hemp used in the creation of the CBD in our products is also registered with the Colorado State Department of Agriculture and tested to ensure content, purity & THC levels below 0.3%.

    2. Farming Practices

      Not all farming practices are equal when it comes to growing hemp. Use of GMO's, non-organic substances, and pesticides all contribute to an inferior CBD oil. These contaminants are harmful to humans & can contribute to poor health. Look for 100% organic, non-gmo, pesticide-free farming practices.

      Our supplier is also one of the few CBD producers that control every aspect of the supply chain starting with farming. Not only do they use 100% organic, Non-GMO, and pesticide free farming, they extract, process, purify, & package in house; complete vertical integration. Complete vertical integration ensures the highest quality control for all of our hemp CBD products and is why we can claim that we have the highest grade of CBD oil for sale online.

    3. Extraction Process:

      The method(s) used for CBD extraction are key in the quality of the CBD. Solvent extraction is one of the more inexpensive methods but can negatively affect the other cannabinoids & terpenes present in the process. Solvent extraction is dangerous, can be harmful to the environment, & can also leave petrochemical residues which are harmful for human consumption. Carbon dioxide (CO 2) extraction is the preferred method for it's safe, petrochemical-free, environmental-friendly nature, & full spectrum (all cannabinoids & terpenes) results.

    4. cbd co2 extractor
      CO2 Extraction System.

      The proprietary hemp CO2 extraction process used in our CBD products ensures the preservation of nearly all beneficial hemp-derived cannabinoids and terpenes while allowing the elimination of unwanted compounds. This process ensures that our products contain the synergistic compounds necessary to increase the efficacy of our CBD products.

    5. Manufacturing Excellence:

      Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) are required to produce high quality CBD in order to conform to the guidelines recommended by agencies that control authorization and licensing for manufacture and sale of food, drug products, and active pharmaceutical products. Clean, safe, & contaminant-free.

      All of Optimum Botanical's products are made using Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP).

    6. Testing:

      Testing is also essential in high quality CBD products. Without testing, a consumer is left with no means of verifying, content, purity, & manufacturer/ seller claims.

      Most CBD producers test for potency. Potency & terpene tests are definitely an essential part of a thorough test battery but it doesn't stop there! Our tests include heavy metals, pesticides, solvents & a microbial analysis for mold & pathogens.

      We test batches twice to ensure the highest quality possible. Once by an external third-party lab after the CBD has been extracted (in raw form), and once after the product is in its final consumer form. This process ensures quality from start to finish.

    7. To make the tests available, we post all COA's which can be looked up by the batch number printed on the product label. (see below)

How can I ensure I am getting quality CBD?

    Quality CBD contains the ingredients claimed by the manufacturer, their amounts, and certifies the absence of impurities such as solvents, pesticides, heavy metals, & micro-organisms. Certified lab test results are the only way to ensure quality CBD.

    Each one of Optimum Botanicals' CBD products has a batch number printed on the product label as shown below in the red ellipse:

    Optimum Botanicals CBD Tincture Label

    The batch number is used to identify the test results of the CBD batch the product was manufactured from. The resulting batch test results can be located on our Certificates of Analysis page. Along with ingredients & amounts, the test results certify the product does not contain solvents, pesticides, or heavy metals. Independent testing certifies the same data as well as the absence of micro-organisms. All of these tests are performed using High Performance Liquid Chromatography.

    By performing these tests and making them easily available to our customers, you are guaranteed that our products contain the highest quality of CBD available.